Food and Fibres

Food

The substance which we eat every day, containing various edible components that provide us energy and materials that help our body to grow and remain healthy are called food.

Function of Food

1.It provides energy to do work and other activities.

2.It helps in the growth of our body.

3.It helps in healing injuries and protects our body from diseases..

4.It keep our body warm.

Sources of Food

Plants

Carrot, Radish, Turnip, Bee-root, Sweet potato.

Potato, Colocasia, Ginger, Turmaric.

Lettuce, Salad, Cabbage, Spinach, Fenugreek, Onion, Garlic.

Cauliflower, Banana, Rose Brocoli, Bauhinia.

Tomato, Brinjal, Chillies, Cucumbar, lady’sfinger.

Animals

Lack Fibres and Vita-C.

Rich in Proteins and Vitamins.

Honey bees (apis) collect  nectar from flowers and convert it into honey.

Eating Habits of Animals

On the Basis of Food Habits Animals are

Herbivores (herb-plant ,vore-eat) – are the animals which eat only grass,leaves,seeds,fruits and other plant products.

Goat, Sheep, Giraffe, Cow, Buffalo, Horse.

Carnivores (carnie-flesh) – eat flesh from other animals.

Lion, Tiger, Wolf, Frog, Cat, Spider, Alligator, Hawk, Eagle, Vulture.

Omnivores (omni-all kind)- eat both plants and the animals.

Man, Fox, Dog, Hen, Ants, Crow and Sparrow.

Interesting Points

1. Autotrophs :- Green plants produce their own food hence, they are called producers/autotrophs.

2. Heterotrophs :- organism derive their nutrition from other sources.

3. Nutrients :- substances from food which provide material for growth and life activities.

4. Scavangers :- animals that consume dead and decaying food from surroundings.

Example- Vultures, Crows, Sparrows, Birds, Ants.

Oils/Fats/Lipids

Oils and fats form an important part of a healthy diet. Structurally they are esters of glycerol with three fatty acids.

Type of oils-

1.Edible oil- the oil which one can used eatables are called edible oil.

2.Non edible oil-which is not used in eatables.